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Smart Homes: How the Internet of Things leads to Home Automation

Sunday afternoon you are curled up, reading a business magazine. Outside it is overcast skies, sunlight has dimmed to evening levels. A cool breeze picks up, it starts to rain. Inside, the air conditioning turns off, the lights turn on, a message pops up on your smartphone - “Would you like a cup of coffee on this rainy afternoon?” No, not your friend living few doors away. It’s the coffee machine in your kitchen.


Too sci-fi and futuristic? What if the future was already here? There are automatic systems that track temperature, manage security, switch on, switch off or dim lights based on natural light availability, and even detect room occupancy. Combine these systems, have them communicate over your internet connection and your home is ready to become smart.


Home automation is no longer unthinkable. Smart homes are fast becoming the present. At your fingertips, through your smartphone, you can make your home save your time and money. This is achieved through technology that allows machine to machine communication which is shared over the internet. The internet connects everything. It is the Internet of Things. What is IoT?

The Internet of Things is a digital network that connects physical devices, home appliances, vehicles, any device that is embedded with sensors, software, electronics, actuators and which can connect to the internet. These devices communicate with each other and operate using the internet infrastructure that is available.


With IoT, homes become automated unlike before. Your refrigerator can tell your smartphone that you are running out of vegetables. You see the message and stop at the grocery store on your way home from work. Saved you time because you didn’t come home, open the fridge, realize you had nothing to cook with, and then head back to the store. Your machines communicating over the internet saved time and fuel money.


The combination of IoT and M2M

To achieve the full potential of IoT, Machine to Machine (M2M) communication is critical. Your washing machine needs to understand the message that the weather sensor sends it to effectively choose a program. On cloudy day, choose longer spin cycle to dry clothes. The security system should decipher the 9 PM alert sent by your digital clocks.


When creating products for home automation, companies involved in consumer IoT focus on both these aspects of the technology. Most automation technology can leverage existing internet infrastructure in the home to provide services.


Long-term benefits

The initial set-up cost can seem high, but homeowners stand to gain a lot of savings from smart homes. Reduced electricity bills are a known benefit because appliances can be scheduled to run at non-peak hours. You can even give electricity back to the grid with smart metering. When watering your garden, sensors can cut off water once it reaches optimum level needed for your plants – saves water.


In the long run, it is a win-win situation for consumers, companies can provide wider range of services and people’s consumption of resources becomes more responsible.


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